Ethernet is the single most widely used form of the local area network currently in existence.
The original design for Ethernet was created by Xerox, and was based on an earlier design that was known as ALOHAnet. After the initial creation and success of Ethernet, the product went through further enhancement under the auspices of Xerox, Intel, and DEC.
How Did Ethernet Get Its Name?
Robert Metcalfe, who was one of the developers working on the original design, came up with the name.
The designation is based on the idea of light transmitting ether that was at one time thought to be found throughout the universe as a main component of the spread of light.
Because cabling also functions as a medium that is somewhat passive, the correlation with ether seemed like a good fit.
How Does Ethernet Work?
Ethernet usually makes use of twisted pair wires or coaxial cable in the basic design of a wired local area network.
However, the same general principle applies to wireless Ethernet as well. Various devices are connected to the cable or wires and achieve connectivity to Ethernet through Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection.
In general, Ethernet systems are referred to as 10BASE-T and are capable of producing speeds of up to 10 Mbps.