There are always 2 places to cite . . .

  • In-text (located after a sentence)
  • Full reference (located at the footnote section)

There are 2 stages for citation . . .

  1. Check for plagiarism
    • No need if common knowledge, e.g. sky is colored blue
    • Must cite if not (cite if not sure to be safe)
  2. Check discipline type and cite accordingly (can use citation tools to cite)
Citation styleDisciplines
APAPsychology, education, social sciences
Chicago AHistory, humanities
Chicago BSciences, social sciences, humanities
TurabianHumanities, social sciences, sciences
IEEEEngineering, IT
AAAAnthropology, social studies
APSAPolitical science

There are three main types of citation . . .

  1. Parenthetical citation: You put the source reference in parentheses directly in your text. This usually includes the author’s last name along with the publication date and/or the page number.
  2. Note citation: You put the source reference in a footnote or endnote.
  3. Numeric citation: You number each of your sources in the reference list and use the correct number when you want to cite a source.

Citation Tools


Swaen, B. (2021, May 31). Citation Styles Guide: Which Citation Style Should You Use? Retrieved July 14, 2021, from

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